Friday, June 29, 2018

How To: Creating a Plan for Hydration During Workouts

While athletes are often aware of the importance of hydration, few have a plan for how they will hydrate based on their individual needs. What I observe is that the majority of athletes either only drink when they are thirsty or take a few sips when the coach tells them they can. But, the thirst mechanism lags behind the body's hydration level. This means that by the time an athlete feels thirsty, he/she is already 1% dehydrated. At 2% dehydration, performance can be decreased by as much as 10%. Thirst is also often stunted during activity due to the intensity of the training. Luckily, there is an easy way for every athlete to get an idea of where their fluid needs range...

Tuesday, May 8, 2018

HOW TO: Competition Nutrition for Triathlon/Marathon

One of the top mistakes I see endurance athletes make is trying products or a fueling regimen for the FIRST TIME during a race. This is a horrible idea, as this can lead to GI distress, underfueling and bonking. Instead of waiting until race day, start thinking now about your race-day nutrition. When planning fueling, address each of the following nutrients. 

If you want a more personalized plan, find a sports dietitian who can create a race nutrition plan for you, or email me to help you out at RDKate@RDKate.com. 

Carbohydrates:
Competing less than 3-4 hours = 30-60gm carbohydrate/hour of competing
Competing over 4 hours = 60-90gm carbohydrate/hour of competing --> carbohydrates need to contain varied sources of sugar to decrease the chance of GI distress

Common carbohydrate amounts in race fuel:
8 oz sports drinks: 15gm
1 gel pack: 24-28gm
3 shot blocks: 24gm
1 medium banana: 30gm

Monday, March 5, 2018

5 things you should do now before your next marathon or triathlon



Marathon and triathlon training takes time and commitment. If you are asking your body to do this type of training, you must fuel it well. Even though it is only March, it isn't too early to get going with your nutrition plan. Here are 5 things you should do NOW before you step on the starting line.

1. Increase your fuel to cover your training
Every day, you need to cover for what you run, bike or swim. This is not just during the workout (though that is important too), but at meals and snacks outside of your workouts as well. Many endurance athletes do not eat enough to cover for their training, which makes it hard for the body to recover and prepare for the next run. This can lead to injuries or illness during training. A rule of thumb is that you burn about 100 kcal per mile you run. Add this number to a base of 1500-1800 kcal daily for metabolic functions and daily activities outside of running. This is the total you should be eating each day. 

Thursday, February 8, 2018

How to: Know how much you should drink during exercise

If you having been training for a least a while, you have probably heard that it is important to hydrate during training. What few athletes know, however, is how much fluid is adequate. What I observe is that the majority of athletes either just drink when they are thirsty or take a few sips when the coach tells them they can. But, the thirst mechanism lags behind the body's hydration level. This means by the time an athlete feels thirsty, he/she is already 1% dehydrated. Make it to 2% and you can see real performance detriments. On top of that, thirst is often stunted during activity due to the intensity of the training. Luckily, there is an easy way for every athlete to get an idea of where their fluid needs range.